Bacterial Tracheitis

Tracheitis

Epiglottitis? Think Tracheitis too!

• Considered bacterial tracheitis in a patient who has fever, stridor, and symptoms that does not respond to therapy for croup (racemic epinephrine and steroids).
• Additionally, that toxic appearing child that you think looks like the textbook picture of epiglottitis, may actually have bacterial tracheitis.

• The epidemiology of acute infectious upper airway disease in pediatrics has been altered with immunization against Haemophilus influenza-b and the widespread use of corticosteroids for the treatment of viral croup.
Bacterial tracheitis has replaced epiglottitis and croup as the most common cause of acute respiratory failure.  One study found it to be 3 times more likely to cause respiratory failure than croup and epiglotittis combined.
• The mortality rates had been reported as high as 18% to 40%.

Hopkins, A., et al., Changing epidemiology of life-threatening upper airway infections: the reemergence of bacterial tracheitis. Pediatrics, 2006. 118(4): p. 1418-21

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Sean M. Fox
I enjoy taking care of patients and I finding it endlessly rewarding to help train others to do the same. I trained at the Combined Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics residency program at University of Maryland, where I had the tremendous fortune of learning from world renowned educators and clinicians. Now I have the unbelievable honor of working with an unbelievably gifted group of practitioners at Carolinas Medical Center. I strive every day to inspire my residents as much as they inspire me.
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  1. […] and “Croup” that fails therapy desires specific attention. You may be dealing with Tracheitis! Let us take a moment to update ourselves on Tracheitis in […]

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